~ Japan, like Europe, had an enormous shortage of housing after the war.
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~ Architects combined both traditional and styles and techniques.
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~ His own house in Tokyo was an early landmark of Japanese modernism, combining traditional style with ideas he acquired working with Le Corbusier.
Gropius became an important theorist of modernism, writing The Idea and Construction in 1923.
He was an advocate of standardization in architecture, and the mass construction of rationally designed apartment blocks for factory workers.
In 1928 he was commissioned by the Siemens company to build apartment for workers in the suburbs of Berlin.
While Gropius was active at the Bauhaus, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe led the modernist architect movement.
He became the vice president of the German Werkbund, and became the head of the Bauhaus from 1930 to 1932.
Inspired by the De Stijl movement in the Netherlands, he built clusters of concrete summer houses and proposed a project for a glass office tower.
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